It's a question that will rear its ugly head at some point for all photographers. With increasing file sizes and the fear of the dreaded hard-drive crash or house disaster - How should I backup my photos?
You have probably already read about the theory that you should backup your files in a 3-2-1 strategy. That is to say 3 locations, 2 types of media and 1 off-site. Here I am telling you what that means for me and how to implement that strategy so there is the least amount of interaction as possible.
To me 3 locations means 2 hard-drives locally and one away from my home, i.e. the cloud. Thinking about the 2 local hard-drives, the most simple form of backup would be 2 hard-drives on your main computer with one being the exact mirror of the other. This can be set up as a RAID array, you could do it manually or you could have an external drive that you plug in and copy files to. My take on it is a Drobo with 4 drives. I have it set so 2 drives can fail and my data is safe. You could have this set to just one failure if capacity is an issue. In any of the above scenarios there can be a failure of one drive (or two drives in the case of my Drobo) and data will be safe, but what if the house burns down, floods or there is a tornado that whisks your drives off to the land of Oz?
Ahhh, it's all gone! Everything.
That's where the off-site location comes in. I don't want to have to backup to a drive locally and then take it to a family member's house for safe-keeping. That is cumbersome. The option then is cloud storage, either a NAS (Network Access Storage) or a cloud storage provider. You could have a NAS at a friend or family member's house or in your office if that's an option. The trouble with that is a NAS is expensive, I already have one and I don't want to have to purchase another. Realistically at the moment for a NAS with over 5TB storage you are looking at over £500 in the UK, so double that to have one at home and one off-site. So what cloud storage options are available? Dropbox, Amazon, Google Drive....There are loads and there are plenty of reviews about them. Most have a small free storage allowance, however most photographers will exceed that fairly quickly. Particularly videographers. So what do I do? Amazon Prime! Yes there is a free unlimited photo storage solution included with an Amazon Prime subscription. Okay, it's technically not free as you have to pay for Prime, however it is significantly cheaper than the other options for storage over 1TB. Also you get the added benefits of Prime (the TV and film streaming is actually really good!). A little known thing about Amazon Prime is that you can make back the cost of it by not choosing next day delivery options on your orders, opting for the no rush delivery instead (normally still only a few days in the UK). They give you Amazon download credit on each order, normally £1 but it has been more. Depending on your buying habits that could easily make back the cost of Prime over the year, it does for me.
Okay so sales pitch done (I wish I was being paid by Amazon, I'm not!) How do you implement this so it is easy? No one wants to have to manually sync files and folders and end up with conflicts everywhere. The Amazon Cloud desktop app doesn't keep files synced, it's a bit basic to say the least. That's where I use Odrive. It's a cloud aggregator or cloud sync solution. It will link with your various cloud storage accounts and keep them all synced. The way this is implemented for me is by way of the Ocloud desktop app. It creates a folder within which all of your cloud accounts are located. Anything you put into a folder inside the Odrive folder will be synced with the corresponding cloud storage account. So basically instead of having multiple folders for Dropbox, Onedrive, Amazon etc. in your file explorer, they will all reside within the Odrive folder.
So Odrive and Amazon chosen, how does this work with Lightroom. I'm assuming that's what you will be using. For me I wanted to be able to work on a file and close down Lightroom and know that the file is the same on my local storage as the cloud version. I didn't want to have to run a backup once a week to maintain that sync. To achieve this you need to use the Odrive folder as your operating folder in Lightroom. So I moved all of my picture folders into the Amazon folder within my Odrive. Make sure this is done within Lightroom, or else face the prospect of having to relocate all the folders when you open Lightroom next time. It's easy enough, within Lightroom click the '+' button next to 'Folders' and add the location of the Amazon folder in Odrive. Next highlight all the folders you wish to move to that location (shift or CTRL click to highlight multiple), then drag to the Amazon folder. Wait for Lightroom to move them and we're almost there. If the files have to be physically moved to a new drive, i.e. to a newly purchased Drobo/NAS from your internal hard-drive then this will take a while as they are copied across. If they are already on the drive, but merely being moved to a new folder, this is effectively just renaming multiple files and will be quicker.
That's it, that's all there is right? Well yes, in terms of setting it up. The downside to this method (and any involving the cloud), is that the files are still only on your local computer and drives at this point. Now Odrive will start doing it's thing in the background syncing the files with Amazon. This means uploading all of the files you just added to the Amazon folder to the cloud. Depending on the quantity and your internet speed it could take hours, days or even weeks! For example if you have a decent fibre optic internet connection in the UK you can get over 10 Mbps upload speed. At this rate 1TB of data will take approximately 12 days to upload. At standard ADSL speeds this would be more like 120 days! So this option may not be for everyone. Right now I have about 500GB of photos so the initial upload won't take too long, about a week. I would suggest doing it in stages and probably at night as some internet providers will throttle down your internet speeds if you are uploading heavily during peak time. It may take some time and effort initially, but from there on I will be comfortable in the knowledge that my files will be safe at home and in the cloud and all happily synced immediately!
I hope this helped. I will be uploading more helpful articles on photography and other fun things I find myself doing so please check back.
Drobo - http://www.drobo.com/
Odrive - https://www.odrive.com/
Amazon Cloud Storage - https://www.amazon.co.uk/clouddrive/home
Taekwondo is a fast paced, dynamic sport. Even at lower ability levels kicks are very quick and liable to lots of blur if you don't have a plan to freeze the action.
I use two ways of freezing the action. The first and obvious one is a fast shutter speed. The second and less obvious to some is flash! It's not always possible to use flash, at a tournament for example, but for staged sports shots or during training it can be very effective.
So shutter speed first. Obviously it will need to be fast. A fast shutter speed gives the subject less time to move and thus sharper, less blurred pictures. For me I find on a full frame camera I use 1/800 to 1/1000 of a second. For some of the slower fighters and kids this can be dropped to 1/500, but never below. The really fast guys will be quicker than 1/1000 even. Outside in the daylight that might be easy, but a lot of sports are played in poor lighting as far as cameras are concerned. So you'll need to let in as much light as possible. I have lenses with fixed f2.8 aperture across the zoom range (standard 24-70 and 70-200, both Tamron, both excellent!) At f2.8 I find keeping both fighters in focus tricky. I tend to stop down to as close to f4 as I can get. How close is that, well that's down to the ISO and how nice your grain looks. On the Nikon D3s I use for sport it actually looks lovely. Not like noise, as I say more grainy. So on the D3s I will comfortably go up to 5000 ISO. This can be set manually, but with the fast changing light and different angles I require at short notice it's not the best way for me. For example at a tournament there are often numerous rings with fights all occurring simultaneously. I will be pointing my camera away from a window one moment and towards it the next. So I find the best way is to use Auto-ISO. Ahhhh auto mode! Honestly it makes sense to me. I set my shutter speed as required for stopping blur, aperture for the the most light possible whilst keeping the required subjects in focus and then let Auto-ISO take care of the exposure. I tend to have my camera set to underexpose by a third of a stop at least as this forces the camera to chose a lower ISO often, then detail can be brought out in the shadows if required in Lightroom. I will also set the max ISO limit to that which I'm comfortable with the quality. If you are not as lucky to be shooting with a great camera like the D3s then maybe that ISO maximum would be less for acceptable quality. At which point you may need to open the aperture a little or slow the shutter speed at the expense of focus and sharpness or accept a little more noise. It will just take some tinkering around those settings to find what works with your camera.
If you don't have a fancy sports full frame camera and you do have a situation where you can use flash then this is another way to freeze action.
Quick flash explanation - when a flash fires the duration the bulb is on and giving off light is extremely short. Approximately 1/10,000 of a second depending on the power. The lower power you can keep it the better as the flash duration increases with power. If you can keep the power low this is much faster than the fastest shutter speed on the camera. So the theory is if the only light hitting the sensor is that fired from the flash no ambient light, then you will be capturing a picture with the equivalent shutter speed of 1/10,000 with great lighting! The rest of the time the shutter is open the sensor will severely underexpose so effectively be in darkness.
The way to do this is to first make sure you are underexposing the ambient light to black. Turn on the camera, turn OFF the flash. Then take a picture at your fastest flash sync speed. Usually around 1/200 to 1/300 depending on the camera. Check your manuals. Set your ISO to the lowest native setting possible and take a picture and it should be hopefully very close to black or ideally totally black. This means without the flash firing you are going to get no picture, but also no blur! 😜 Now switch on the flash, I only have a manual flash, but TTL would probably work similarly. I work my way up the flash power from about half power until the subject is correctly exposed. Aperture settings are normally more like f5.6 to f8 for nice sharp shots or lower if going for a little more artsy. So in this case ISO, shutter speed and aperture are basically fixed as required and flash power adjusted to correctly expose. It takes some practice with directing the flash head depending on the shape of the room, but again starting around these settings will work. The benefit of this is the control of light and ISO so even cameras that struggle in low light can be used effectively.
So that's lighting and exposure sorted, now the tricky part - focusing! Fairly obviously continuous focus is preferable here. I use 9 point area mode giving me the opportunity to move the focus point, but have the aid of some area tracking. I also use back button focus. This can be set in most camera settings menus and allows me to trigger the shutter without changing focus. Meaning you can fire off some shots without having the lens hunt if you are happy with the focus, making you more likely to get the shot. This can be useful with fast moving subjects. It's all too easy to focus on the subject one minute then the background the next so I tend to focus in bursts making sure that I have my point over the subject for focusing, slight recompose then take a few pictures then as they move do it again.... aim, focus, aim, shoot....rinse and repeat. I've tried holding the back button focus down during the whole process and find it misses more shots that way than the burst method. Plus the composition may not be desirable if you are limited by the locations of your focus points. What works best will depend a lot on how close you are to the subject and how much they move. Also chose release priority for your continuous focusing mode. This means the shot doesn't have to be in focus to take a picture. Obviously you don't want that to be the case, but better to catch a slightly out of focus knockout or goal than no shot at all!
Now just some little tips I've found too.
Try and hold the camera level! It's very easy with fast moving action to prioritise getting the shot at the expense of basics like this, but when you are editing a few hundred photos trying to straighten them up manually as Lightroom got itself confused about which way is up, you'll be wishing you had made an effort here.
Cropping can be useful. Don't zoom too much and cut off part of the shot. In sports it is fairly common to crop in on a subject so make sure you get it all. Do bear in mind that the size of the photo will be reduced with this method, thus large prints may not be possible anymore. If it's mainly for Web then this is not a problem.
Look around. Not all sports action is on the floor/ring/field. When there's a lull in activity or whenever you are happy you have the action shot look at the crowd, the coaches, close-ups of trophies or gear. Switch back to a nice shallow depth of field for a portrait. I tend to use my 70-200 then in-between rounds zoom in and shoot f2.8 and 1/200 for some nice portraits of the fighters and coaches together. It's these additional shots that help complete the story.
Lastly, but most importantly, don't be afraid to give it a go at your local club or reach out if you don't have one. Most clubs want nice pictures and you should be able to sort a deal out.
Oh really last thing, be sure that you and/or the club have photography waivers signed by parents and participants. In most tournaments, this will be in the entry form, but for practices and other less formal events it may be necessary to sort something out if the club don't already have these.
I hope this helps.
Please check out my other tips, tricks and how to guides!
A few articles that will hopefully come in handy relating to photography, tech and/or anything else I have found useful along the way. I hope to be writing more articles, particularly with my journey learning Photoshop. Check back soon for updated posts and please get in touch with feedback, suggestions or just to say hello!